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Glossary

Glossary


acoustic phonetics: it`s about speech wave transmission

adjective: describes a noun or pronoun

adverbs: describes or gives more information about a verb, adjective, adverb or phrase

allomorphs: realization of morphemes in different contexts; any of the variant forms of a morpheme

antonym: the opposite of something (e.g. high and low)

articles: any of the English words 'a', 'an' and 'the' or words in other languages that do the same job as these

articulatory phonetics: about speech production

auditory phonetics: it`s about speech perception

Basic syllable structure (English): CCCVVCCC

bicentric compound: coordinative compound e.g. whiskey soda (a whisky-soda is whisky and soda)

circular definition: starting and ending at the same point, “a rose is a rose is a rose” (by Gertrude Stein)

column: a list of fields in the same row position

Compounding: 2 or more stems, changes meaning (for example:lamp+ post = lamp-post);branch of word formation; new words created by putting two stems together

concordance: an index of all word in a text or corpus of text showing every contextual occurance of a word

content: is the meaning of a word, as e.g. the definition of a word or examples of the usage

definiendum: what is to be defined

definiens: what defines the defiendum

definite article: the (also see: article)

definition: a statement that explains the meaning of a word or phrase:

Derivation: one derivational stem+ affix, changes meanings

derived stem: a derived stem is either a root (zero derivation) or a derived stem with an affix

dictionary: book consisting of an alphabetical list of words with their meaning; alphabetically ordered reference book of terms realting to a particular subject

differentia specifica: a definition by specific differences

encyclopedia: book or set of books containing facts about many subjects, usually in alphabetical order

explanation: the details or reasons that someone gives to make something clear or easy to understand:

form: information is related to the appearance of a word, like e.g. the spelling or pronunciation of the word or IPA transcription

genus proximum: definition by presenting the nearest kind

grammatical morpheme: also called structural morpheme; closed set; can be free as grammatical words(prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary verbs) or bound like affixes, suffixes (inflection and derivation)

Graphemes: smallest unit of writing that corresponds to a phoneme

hyperonym: word which is superordinated to many words of the same word fields

hypertext: text either with conventional hierachical parts or as a complex network of parts, for example any document on the World Wide Web

hyponym: subordinated term. Opposite of hypernym

indefinite article: a (also see: articles)

Inflection: stem + affix, it relates words to grammatical and situational context; adapts a word into a context without changing its meaning

IPA: International Phonetic Alphabet ; international transcription system used for phonetic transcriptions

KWIC: KeyWord In Context

KWIC concordance: A KWIC (KeyWord In Context) concordance is a special kind of corpus-based dictionary.

lexical morpheme: also called content morpheme or root; open set (see also morpheme)

Macrostructure: the macrostructure of a dictionary is the organisation of the lexical entries in the body of a dictionary into lists, tree structures and networks. Types of macrostructure are semasiological and onomasiological

Megastructure: the megastructure of a dictionary is the entire structure of the dictionary, including the front matter, abbreviations and explanations of grammar, the body of the dictionary and the back matter

meronomy: hyrarchy of parts; semantic relation in which something is composed of different parts (Example: a roof is part of a house ).

Mesostructure: the mesostructure of a dictionary is the set of relations between lexical entries and other entities such as other parts of a dictionary or a text corpus

metadata: data about data

metalanguage: the typography and layout of a book, hypertext etc. ;the language that you use to talk about language

Metaphor: verbal models, except that their relation to reality is in general much more subjective

Microstructure: the microstructure of a dictionary is the consistent organisation of lexical information within lexical entries in the dictionary

Models: models are ostensive definitions, in that they are intended to help us understand something with reference to reality, except that the pointer to a segment of reality is replaced by an iconic representation, of a segment of reality, which is simplified, stylised, idealised and has artefactual properties not shared by reality

Morpheme: the smallest meaningful parts of words; two main morpheme types: lexical and grammatical morphemes (see also lexical and grammatical morphemes)

Morphology: the study of word structure

Narrow phonetic transcription: all the details you find in a word (see also: Phonemic representation)

nouns: a word that refers to a person, place, thing, event, substance or quality

Onomasiological dictionary: writer`s dictionary, encoding dictionary,words listed after topics or meanings, also describes the word but gives synonymus words instead of translation or explanation; you know roughly what the word means and look in the wordfield.

ostensive definition: definition by showing/ demonstration

Phonemes: the smallest word-distinguishing segments, simple signs

Phonemic representation: only broad transcription to distinguish a word

Phonemic transcription: the transcription used in dictionaries, it is used preferably in IPA and it is the minimum amount of pronunciation to distinguish words

Phonetic transcription: the transcription used to give as many details of proniunciation as possible. It´s the actual pronunciation of phonemes and varies in different contexts

Phonology: study of the system of speech

possessives: my,your,his,her,its,our,their

pragmatics: studies the relationship between the speaker and the linguistic signs

row: a list of fields

Semasiological dictionary: reader`s dictionary,words listed in alphabetical order, pronunciation hints, mostly gives translation or description for the word;you have an appearance and are looking for a meaning; the basic form is a table

semantic field: word field of related words

semantics: study of meaning

Standard dictionary definition: X is a Y kind of Z

stem: a stem is a root (simplest case) or a stem plus an affix (complex cases), has lexical meaning

structure: arrangement of objects in a certain orderin relation to each other

subordinate sentence:

syllables: the word distinguishing phoneme configurations

synonym:two words which have the same meaning

syntax: study of the structure of a sentence

table: a list of rows

Taxonomy: is the science of classification according to a pre-determined system, with the resulting catalogue used to provide a conceptual framework for discussion, analysis, or information retrieval. (From the Greek word taxis (arrangement) and nomos (law)

text linguistics: is a branch of linguistics that deals with texts as commnication systems. Its original aims lay in uncovering and describing text grammars. The application of text linguistics has, however, evolved from this approach to a point in which text is viewed in much broader terms that go beyond a mere extension of traditional grammar towards an entire text. Text linguistics takes into account the form of a text, but also its setting, i.e. the way in which it is situated in an interactional, communicative context. Both the author of a (written or spoken) text as well as addressee its dare taken into consideration in their respective (social and/or institutonal) roles in the specific communicative context. In general it is an application of linguistic analysis at the much broader level of text, rather than just a sentence or word.

text: a written or printed work regarded in terms of content rather than form. 2 the main body of a book or other work as distinct from appendices, illustrations, etc. 3 written or printed words or computer data. 4 a written work chosen as a subject of study.

thesaurus: defining words in categories, an onomasiological dictionary

Verb: a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, such as hear, become, or happen.

website: a website is a hypertext document with embedded documents (can also be linked), which makes it a text. To see a website you have to use the internet (world wide web) to get connected to the site.

A set of interconnected webpages, usually including a homepage, generally located on the same server, and prepared and maintained as a collection of information by a person, group, or organization

Word formation: creation of a new word either by compounding or derivation

word: stem+inflection

www : world wide web




Sources


http://www.spectrum.uni-bielefeld.de/~ttrippel/html

http://www.lokano.eu/tutorial_htmd.htm

www.onelook.com

http://wwwhomes.uni-bielefeld.de/~gibbon/Classes/Classes2007WS/HTMD/index.html

http://coral.lili.uni-bielefeld.de/~ttrippel/htmd/glossary.html

www.answers.com

www.wikipedia.org





17.1.08 00:48





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