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Quiz No.2

Quiz 2

1.What is text linguistics ?

Answer: Text linguistics are the properties of a text. It is a branch of linguistics and deals with texts as communication systems. Texts are analysed in terms of their overall structure and the setting of the text itself  (in terms of its place between author and addressee).

Text linguistics is a branch of linguistics that deals with texts as communication systems. Its original aims lay in uncovering and describing text grammars. The application of text linguistics has, however, evolved from this approach to a point in which text is viewed in much broader terms that go beyond a mere extension of traditional grammar towards an entire text. Text linguistics takes into account the form of a text, but also its setting, i.e. the way in which it is situated in an interactional, communicative context. Both the author of a (written or spoken) text as well as its addressee are taken into consideration in their respective (social and/or institutonal) roles in the specific communicative context. In general it is an application of linguistic analysis at the much broader level of text, rather than just a sentence or word.


2.What is a website ?

Answer: a website is a hypertext document with embedded documents (can also be linked), which makes it a text. To see a website you have to use the internet (world wide web) to get connected to the site.

A set of interconnected webpages, usually including a homepage, generally located on the same server, and prepared and maintained as a collection of information by a person, group, or organization.

3.What is a hypertext ? Give examples !

Answer: A hypertext is a www document. In general it is a text consisting of hierarchical text parts or a complex network of parts. So every website is a hypertext.

A computer-based text retrieval system that enables a user to access particular locations in webpages or other electronic documents by clicking on links within specific webpages or documents. (

A linkage between related information. By selecting a word in an article, more information about that subject is retrieved, which could be a definition, encyclopedic entry or another article. Hypertext is the foundation of the World Wide Web, enabling users to click on a link to obtain more information from a source anywhere in the world. (

4.What is a text, what are its main properties ?

Answer: A text is a sign.It has a certain structure and follows certain grammatical rules of the language it is written in. A text usually contains sentences, which consists of words, which consist of syllables, which consist of vowels and consonants, which are letters.

Put together the letters, words and sentences express meaning . The main properties of a text are : appearance, meaning and structure.

5.How do these properties relate

-to the mind ?

-to the world ?

Answer: As I said before, texts are signs with the main properties : appearance, meaning and structure. The world of the mind consists of the formulation which are the text and the structure. The text gives a sense and a certain semantic interpretation to a text. Wheras the style and the media interpretation make the structure. So to say the world of the mind is about how you choose your meaning or how to say individual things according to your world of mind. The shared world is where your thoughts actually leave your mind . You kind of share it with the world through semantics and pragmatics on the one hand and media on the other hand. The shared world is about communication and can also be called „shared environment“. You have to make sure that people understand your signs and you understand the signs of others.

22.11.07 18:04

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